Synthetic data with Rhino-Grasshopper, Ladybug and Laga library

Synthetic Data is data artificially created in contrast of data collected from real world events. The goal is to provide a fast and cheap alternative to real world data to create accurate Artificial Intelligent models. For this study an incident solar radiation simulation is executed automatically over different building design options to generate 2,000 data points to train a supervised model. The objective is to calculate the incident solar radiation of a building without a simulation software.

Synthetic data is a good alternative when privacy matters, when the data required do not exist, when the cost associated are expensive, etc. For this case is relevant, because thedata types can be adjusted, added or removed from the dataset, until an incident solar radiation prediction accuracy is achieved 85%+.

Rhinoceros and Grasshopper are used for the parametric model, Ladybug is used to simulate the incident solar radiation and Laga library to generates the geometry and collect the information to create the data.

Workflow workflow used to generate the data from the simulations


The incident solar radiation is the power per units received from the sun and is measured in kilowats hour per square meters (KWh/m2). The solar radiation can be transformed in heat and electricity, among other forms of energy, Hence the importance to understand this information. According to Ladybug description, the incident solar radiation is useful to evaluate the impact of a building's orientation on both energy use and the size/cost of the cooling systems. The incident solar radiation depends on the geographic location, time of day, season, local landscape and local weather.


Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) is used to understand the characteristics of a dataset and the relationships between the variables. There are different tools and techniques to performs EDA, but the most common is data visualization. During the exploration is possible to recognize the shape of the data, discover patterns, outliers, and differences. This allows to ask well-formulated research questions. The following images are part of the EDA from the synthetic data generated.

Number of occurences

Number of occurrences The Distribution volume is positive skewed, which means the probability distribution is uneven and asymmetric. The volume variable represents the building volume which is the result of the different parameters generated randomly: Width, Length, XY and ZU. The distribution is positive because the tail of the curve is longer on the right side when compared to the left side. This means the right side shows the wider extension of data points, in this case buildings generated randomly.

The Distribution total graph it also shows a positive skewed, which might present a correlation with volume parameter.

The Distribution angle shows something closer to a uniform distribution.

scatterplot, relationship between two sets of data

scatterplot, relationship between two sets of data The big graph shows a clear positive linear correlation between the volume of the building and the total incident solar radiation. Generally, the bigger the volume, the bigger the total incident solar radiation.

The three small graphs on the top right, shows the relations between Width and Total, Length and Total, and Angle and Total. The data points are spread in these graphs. This means there is no trend to the data and thus there is a very low or no correlation.

The three small graphs on the bottom left, shows the relations between Width and Volume, Length and Volume, and Angle and Volume. The first 2 graphs show a positive and low correlation. The last graph hast gaps in values.

Correlation Matrix

Correlation Matrix The correlation matrix shows the correlation between all the possible pairs of values. The graphic is symmetrical in their diagonal. The matrix is useful to summarize data, identify patterns and understand which variable is more correlated with another variable. Every cell displays the correlation coefficient which ranges from -1 to 1. A coefficient of 0 means no correlation.

The matrix above shows a strong correlations between variables volume and total (observed before), ZU and total and YX and total. These are marked with a black rounded rectangle. Others correlations are width and volume and length and volume.


The article shows the analysis of synthetic data generated with Rhino, Ladybug and Laga. The data generated will be used to create a supervised model to predict the total incidence of solar radiation from the volume and the other variables used to generate the building shape. The article pivot around data instead of architectural design or urban context.

The image below shows the geometry test bed used for the different simulations. In wireframe visualization the context. In colour one of the geometries generated inside Rhino, simulated with Ladybug. The data was collected and saved using Laga library.

Context Context


What is synthetic data?

Gov.UK Review techniques to create synthetic datasets

Synthetic Data Statistics: Benefits, Vendors, Market Size

Synthetic Data Statistics: Benefits, Vendors, Market Size


Add a comment


Written on Wed, 21 Sep 2022 16:04:52 by

What can a Texas Holdem Casino Poker Table provide for you? If you are presently having fun with your buddies on your kitchen or dining room table, it can add a fair bit. So your online poker friends turn up for your normal scheduled video game as well as you break out the cards, beer, some chain store casino poker chips, and also relax your old, hardwood table. You deal the cards bewaring not to throw also tough since it will fly off the table as well as flip up on the floor. Now you chip in and the wonderful plastic sound of a low-cost, slim poker chip strikes the table as well as bounces to the floor. One of your good friends obtains delighted at his win and also knocks over his beer as well as soaks as well as ruins your cardboard playing cards. You wipe them off as best you can and also continue the game with the warped cards. OK, so possibly you decided for a bit more authentic play, you throw an old woollen army blanket over the table. At least this stifles the online poker chips a bit however the blanket bunches up when you try to rake in your winnings and also overturns somebody's chip stack. If this seems acquainted, you are mosting likely to be really delighted when you upgrade to a real Texas Holdem Casino poker Table. Currently let's try the exact same night with your new table and also some real clay poker chips. And for an included boost we will also make use of a deck of Kem or Copag plastic having fun cards. You unfold your casino poker table and also established chairs around it while you texas hold'em friends all talk about the luxurious cushioned green really felt and just how it makes them seem like they go to the casino site. They lean their elbow joints on the comfortable padded vinyl armrest awaiting the deal. You grab the deck of cards and also discover the smooth feeling and just how easily they shuffle. They move throughout the table to the various other players that deftly attempt to crimp one in half. But it can't be done. The card just springs back to it's shape. Uncle Joe can splash his beer on these fruitless. They are cleanable. สล็อตเว็บตรง

Written on Tue, 20 Sep 2022 10:30:19 by

After sifting through forums are usually many common questions like cost nothing poker tournaments better than cash games? Are there too many donkeys playing in the live poker league freeroll tournaments? Is it possible to learn how to dont better poker player by playing free tournaments rather than cash tournaments? These are all valid questions and cannot be answered with a simple yes or no. Every poker player end up being take into consideration their personal position and what they already want to achieve from any type of the game. Whether it's free poker or for cash, you will always find typical stereotypes in the poker tables. Strategies differ just like perspectives or even if the value of money also known as the desire to win maybe the need to gain points. Not even if you truly understand the other person's way of thinking is it possible to possibly believe you precisely how they will act. Sure, you can guess consistent with experience, knowledge and previous behavior, but you by no means for sure know anyone's moves before they provide. You might even suggest you don't be positive about this what your next move might be. There is credit to suggest that when playing live poker for cash, poker players take it more serious and be aware of the way they play, are less flippant and play more 'primo' cards. สล็อตออนไลน์ เว็บตรง ค่าย สล็อตเว็บตรง แตกง่าย 2022 slot เว็บตรง ค่ายใหญ่ สมัครสล็อตออโต้ ฝาก-ถอน หน้าเว็บ เว็บเกมสล็อตที่แตกง่ายที่สุด รวม เว็บ สล็อต ฝาก ถอน true wallet สล็อตออนไลน์ เว็บตรงไม่ผ่านเอเย่นต์

Written on Sat, 10 Sep 2022 19:07:33 by

Скачать Дело 39 часть 3. Фильм 2022Будь ближе к нашей команде,играйте в GTA V от проекта RADMIR GAMESРоссия, 2022. ?Режиссер: Jonix ?Автор... Скачать Мелстрой и Амиран учимся ОБщаться с ДевушкамиДОНАТ МОНАТ:Соц сети: Скачать Оживляем старый автокран МАЗ спустя 10 лет простоя!Переходи на МегаФон — оператора №1 по покрытию и скорости мобильного интернета:Наши ролики... Скачать Камеди Клаб Премьера Новый сезон Полный выпускСмотри новый сезон #ComedyClub по пятницам в 21:00 на #ТНТВ выпуске Comedy Club от 09.09.2022: Гарик Харламов, Екатерина Шкуро... Скачать ПРО ПОСАДИЛ НУБА В КУБ С ТНТ ТАЙМЕРОМ В МАЙНКРАФТ ! НУБИК И ТРОЛЛИНГ ЛОВУШКА ПРО В MINECRAFTПРО ПОСАДИЛ НУБА В КУБ С ТНТ ТАЙМЕРОМ В МАЙНКРАФТ ! НУБИК И ТРОЛЛИНГ ЛОВУШКА ПРО В MINECRAFT?Я Вконтакте: https://vk.... Скачать ?????????????????? 50000 ??? #shorts #???steam???????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????... Скачать ??????????????!! ?????????????????????... | PMPL SEA Championship 2022OPHTUS Exalted Stainless Steel ???? 5 ???? ?????????????????????????????? Скачать Thailand Predator League 2022 (PUBG) | Finals Day2????????? ??????????????????????????? Thailand Predator League 2022 ?????? 2.??????????... Скачать ?????????? RoV Pro League 2022 Winter | Regular Season | Week 6 Day 3?????????? RoV Pro League 2022 Winter???? ??? Regular Season | Week 6 Day 3 ??? ??????????????? ??King of Gamers Club... Скачать LIVE Blox Fruits : ????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????? 5??? ?????? ???? Скачать The Ghost - Theatrical Trailer | Akkineni Nagarjuna | Praveen Sattaru | Mark K RobinStarring: Akkineni Nagarjuna, Sonal Chauhan, Gul panag, Anikha Surendran,Manish Chaudhari, Ravi Varma, Shrikanth Iyyangar, Bilal HosseinPresented by: Sonali Narang Banner: Sri Venkateswara... Скачать Uc K?z Kardes 17. Bolum Fragman? - 2- YENI SEZONUc K?z Kardes 17. Bolum Fragman? - 2 - YENI SEZON yay?nda! Somer, baba oluyor!Nesrin'in olumden donmesi ve amans?z bir hastal?ga yakalanmas? herkesi perisan ediyor. Somer... Скачать Season 1 Episode 4 Preview | House of the Dragon (HBO)New episodes premiere Sundays at 9 pm ET on HBO Max. Скачать Seversin 14. Bolum Fragman?Seversin 14. Bolum Fragman? yay?nda! Tum dunya Tolga ve Asya'n?n ask?na kars?!Asya iliskilerinin gercekligi konusunda koseye s?k?sm?st?r. Herkes dort bir kolda Tolga... Скачать Tozluyaka 11. Bolum Fragman?Tozluyaka 11. Bolumuyle 11 Eylul Pazar gunu saat 20:00'de FOX'ta! ??Sans bile yolunu sas?rmadan ugramazd? Tozluyaka’ya ama bodoslama dald? birbirlerini kardes secenlerin... Скачать BLACKPINK Performs "Pink Venom" | 2022 VMAsBLACKPINK performs "Pink Venom" at the 2022 MTV Video Music Awards. Check out more from the 2022 VMAs here: is here! Stream all your favorite shows now on... Скачать I Can't Help It (Prod. Jungkey) (?? ?? ?? ? (Prod. ??))Provided to YouTube by Kakao EntertainmentI Can't Help It (Prod. Jungkey) (?? ?? ?? ? (Prod. ??)) · Kim Na Young · Jungkey · Park Chan · Jungkey · JungkeyI Can't... Скачать LAW (Prod. by Czaer)Provided to YouTube by Genie Music CorporationLAW (Prod. by Czaer) · YOON MI RAE · BIBIStreet Man Fighter Original Vol.3 (Mission by Rank)? 2022 Stone Music EntertainmentReleased... Скачать ??, ???, ??? - ??? ?? | Layone, Jo Gwangil, Ahn Byeong Woong - Private Ryan??? CC???? ?? ???????(Layone), ???, ??? - ??? ??Melon : : : https://music.bugs... Скачать DreamProvided to YouTube by Genie Music CorporationDream · Lee BoramDream? 2022 YAMYAM EntertainmentReleased on: 2022-08-30Lyricist: Punch, ??Composer: ??, ??Arranger:... Скачать Валентин Стрыкало - Наше летоРежиссер - Юрий Каплан Монтаж - Василий Прозоров Оператор - Руслан Федотов Помощник оператора - Арсений ... Скачать Я полагаю!none Скачать Как быстро и вкусно мариновать мясо для жарки с румяным результатомПочта У Жоржа VLOG Скачать 10 Вымерших Существ, Которые Могли Уничтожить Весь МирДумаете, динозавры были страшными? Как бы не так! В свое время в ходе эволюции появились настолько кошмарные ... Скачать Как стать душой компании!Вероника Степанова запись на консультацию через соц.сети: инстаграм вконтакте ... Скачать ЧЕЛЛЕНДЖ 24 часа в ДоМиКе ?? для детей! Тима ночью слышал бабулю Гренни ?? !ЧЕЛЛЕНДЖ 24 часа в ДоМиКе для детей! Тима бросил маме вызов! Ночью он услышал странные звуки и смех бабули ... Скачать ?? Свадьбы не будет - Мелодрама | Фильмы и сериалы - Русские мелодрамыТЕГИ ? свадьбы не будет, свадьбы не будет 2014, свадьбы не будет мелодрама, мелодрама, фильмы, смотреть ... Скачать Хуреш на День города Кызыла 10.09.2022none Скачать Поём песню Луна незнает пути разными голосамиПоем песню луна не знает пути красными голосами. Нему голубой ленты золотой диман и речи. Скачать Паша Proorok - Хватит, довольно / Премьера трека 2021Если тебе понравилась песня, поставить лайк, а также оставь свой комментарий. Мы читаем и лайкаем все комментарии.

Written on Sat, 10 Sep 2022 06:35:17 by

Written on Mon, 05 Sep 2022 16:33:27 by

I don't know what to think of this stuff anymore, things are going absolutely apeshit in the world.. As I see it, we just oughta get us some palm trees and make our garden a little tropical, and have a vacation at home.. 24/7..

Written on Tue, 30 Aug 2022 12:49:12 by

купить мобильные прокси с ротацией

Written on Mon, 29 Aug 2022 12:29:36 by

большое спасибо _________________ fonbet idman mərcinin mobil versiyası, beysbol mərc qaydası, qeydiyyatdan və SMS olmadan slot maşınlarında qarajı pulsuz oynayın

Written on Thu, 25 Aug 2022 04:57:22 by

Best Ielts and Toefl Practice test online

Written on Sun, 14 Aug 2022 15:37:07 by

XEvil 5.0 automatically solve most kind of captchas, Including such type of captchas: ReCaptcha v.2, ReCaptcha-3, Hotmail (Microsoft), Google, Solve Media, BitcoinFaucet, Steam, 12k hCaptcha supported in new XEvil 6.0! Just search for XEvil 6.0 in YouTube Interested? Just google XEvil 5.0.14 P.S. Free XEvil Demo is available !!! Also, there is a huge discount available for purchase until 30th July: -30%! Stand-alone full license of XEvil price is Just 59 USD http://XEvil.Net/ Check new video in YouTube: "XEvil 6.0 1] XRumer multhithreading hCaptcha test"

Written on Fri, 12 Aug 2022 22:02:54 by

Dokąd oglądać slajdy online za niepotrzebnie? Ewidencja najzjadliwszych stron 2022! Każdy z nas lubi paradować do kina lub spostrzegać slajdy online w necie. W modnych trochę latkach w Polsce strasznie rozbudowała się propozycja również podbudowa celuloidów dogodnych pro poparciem netu. Kryzysową osobę odegrała w tymże bieg serwisów VOD – rozrost Netflixa, Player lub CDA Premium. Dowolny spośród bieżących serwów daruję ofertę oglądanie najaktualniejszych obrazów bez szczytu w cech HD na smartfonie, tablecie czyli komputerze. Wystarczy wjazd do internetu natomiast potrafimy zauważać czy zainkasować specjalny film na laptop, jaki pooglądamy później np. w periodzie drogi afektem. Przebojowe dzienniki VOD dostępne w Polsce! Rozwój dzienników VOD w Polsce wysoce wyrównał. Zanadto niezgodą Netflixa, którego kolekcja istnieje najbystrzejsza ze ludzi dzienników, rozwesela się on tudzież najbujniejszą popularnością. Tuż zbyt nim wkłada się HBO GO, Player albo TVP VOD. Niebezpiecznym staraniem opromienia się czasami stereotypowe zaś cenione CDA, od mocnego etapu w zaufanej bazie CDA Premium zezwalają zbytnio emblematyczną składką prawe surowce audiowizualne – podstawa negatywów online krzew pułapu wlicza teraz wzdłuż 6300 ważności. Ponad istnieje w czym chcieć i co oglądać. Od dziarskiego sezonu o rodowitą zasługę spośród celuloidami online pokonuje płaszczyzna Disney z slajdami dodatkowo bajeczki Walta Disneya, jakiej kolekcja egzystuje właściwie klasyczna. Facebook także zainteresowałem się streamingiem zagadnień cielesnych na żarliwie dodatkowo zwiedzaniem długofalowych filmów online – w 2017 roku w STANY wystartowała podstawa Facebook Watch. W Polsce premierę narzekałaby w 2018 roku zbieżnie niby w kazusu Disney . Flanki spośród celuloidami online za bezinteresownie również lilak zenitu – 2022 Dla moc matron kandydatura serwów VOD istnieje rynek dyskretna a tęskni najciekawszych prezydent slajdów. Orzekają się na podpatrywanie filmów online zanadto bezpłatnie w bledszej w właściwości na płaszczyznach, jakie upubliczniają gęsto lipne przeprowadza wątków audiowizualnych. Znajdowanie ich nie wyglądowi zakłócenie moralna twórczego tymczasem umożliwianie egzystuje uprzednio samowolne, nadto co szantażuje odsiadka grzywny szanuj pozbawienie swobód.